پارس آراء

THE CIVIL CODE OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN

۱۳۹۶/۰۳/۳۱ بازدید : ۳۱۹

THE CIVIL CODE OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN

 Article 976 - The following persons are considered to be Iranian subjects
 
1 - All persons residing in Iran except those whose foreign nationality is established; the
foreign nationality of such persons is considered to be established if their documents of
nationality have not been objected to by the Iranian Government.
2- Those born Iran or outside whose fathers are Irani
3 - Those born in Iran of unknown parentage.
4 - Persons born in Iran of foreign parents, one of whom was also born in Iran.
5 - Every woman of foreign nationality who marries an Iranian husband.
6- Every foreign n who has obtained Iranian nationality
 
Article 977 –
(a) If persons mentioned in Clause 4 of Article 976 wish to accept the nationality of their
fathers they must submit a written declaration to be Ministry of Foreign Affairs to which
they should annex a certificate issued by the national Government of their fathers to the
effect that the said Government would recognize them as their own nationals.
(b) If persons mentioned in Clause 4 of Article 976 after reaching the full age of 18 years
wish to remain of the nationality of their fathers, they must, within a period of one year,
submit a declaration to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to which they should annex a
certificate from their father’s national Government indicating that the said Governmentwould recognize them as its own nationals
Article 979 - Persons can obtain Iranian nationality if they
 
1 - Have reached the full age of 18.
2- Have resided five years, whether continuously or intermittently, in Iran.
3 - Are not deserters from military service.
4 - Have not been convicted in any country of non - political major misdemeanours or
felonies.
In the case of Clause 2 of this Article, the period of residence in foreign countries in the
service of the Iranian Government will be considered as residence in Iran.
 
Article 984 - The wife and minor children of those who obtain Iranian nationality in
accordance with this Act will be recognized as Iranian nationals but the wife can submit,
within one year of the date of issue of nationality papers to her husband, and the minor
children can submit, within one year after reaching the full age of 18, a written
declaration to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs accepting the former nationality of her
husband or the father as the case may be , provided, haw ever, that the certificate
mentioned in Article 977 is attached to the declaration of the children whether male or
female.
 
Article 986 - A non - Iranian wife who may have acquired Iranian nationality by
marriage, can revert to her former nationality after divorce or the death of her husband,
provided that she informs the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in writing of the facts but a
widow who has children from her former husband cannot take advantage of this right so
long as her children have not attained the full age of 18. In any case , a woman who may
acquire foreign nationality according to this Article cannot possess properties except
within the limits fixed for foreign nationals . If she possesses landed properties more than
those allowed in the case of foreign nationals, or if subsequently she comes into
possession by inheritance of landed properties exceeding that limit, she must transfer by
some way or other to Iranian nationals the surplus amount of landed properties within one
year from the date of her renunciation of Iranian nationality or within one year from the
date of her acquiring the inherited property. Failing this, the properties in question will be
 
Criminal law
Article8- If non-Iranian   comitte a crimes against Iranian person or Iran outside of Iran and in iran are found or returned to Iran, according to the criminal laws of Islamic  Republic of Iran, he will be offended. Provided that:
a) Accused of crimes would be punished at the crime scene, not tried and acquitted or if convicted, the penalty is wholly or partly carried him.
b) Conduct committed the crimes would be punished accordance with law of the Islamic Republic of Iran and law of   crime scene, is crime.
Article9- Committed crimes under a special law or treaties and rules of international law are found in every country, will be tried in the same country. If found in Iran, will tried and punished under criminal law of Islamic Republic of Iran.
Article310- If a non-Muslim committee crime against Muslim, retribution is right. There is no difference between religions, sects and intellectual trends in this case. If Muslim committee crime against non-Muslim cant  be executed, in this case the offender under sentence handed down in the fifth book, will be punished.
                                FOREIGN INVESTMENT PROMOTION AND PROTECTION ACT (FIPPA)
قانون حمایت و تشویق سرمایه گذاری خارجی
Article (3)
Foreign investments admitted in accordance with provisions of this Law shall enjoy the incentives and protections available under this Law. Such investments may be admitted under the following two categories:
a) Foreign direct investment in areas where the activity of private sector is permissible;
b) Foreign investments in all sectors within the framework of "civil participation", "buy-back" and "build-operate-transfer" arrangements where the return of capital and profits accrued is solely emanated from the economic performance of the r project in which the investment is made, and such return of capital and profit shall not be dependent upon a guarantee by the Government, state-owned companies or banks.
Note1. So long as the foreign investment subject matter of "build-operate-transfer" arrangements referred to in Para (b) of this Article, and its incurred profits thereon are not amortized, the exerci

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